Dwellings Definitions

The following definitions were used as a basis for the Census of Dwellings.

(a) an 'occupied dwelling' is any habitation occupied by a 'household group' and may comprise the whole or only a part of a building.

(b) A 'household group' is a person or group of persons living as a domestic unit with common eating arrangements.

The number of 'occupied dwellings' and the number of 'households' are therefore identical by definition.

The lack of a structural definition of a dwelling is not considered a significant disadvantage in Australia as the majority of households do in fact each occupy one distinct dwelling structure (i.e. a house or a self-contained flat).

Class of dwelling

Details of the numbers of each class of dwelling have been obtained from householder's statements made in accordance with the following instructions.

    State below whether the dwelling is a -
    	Private house (including semi-detached and terrace house).
    -	Share of a private house.
    *	Self-contained flat (including home unit).
    -	Share of a flat
    	Room(s), apartment or flat (not self-contained).
    	Shed, hut, caravan, tent, boat, etc.
    	Licensed hotel, motel, hostel, boarding house, Institution, 
              barracks, staff quarters, etc.
    -	Where a private house or flat is shared without structural 
            subdivision by two or more household groups each householder 
            should fill in a separate Householder's schedule.
    *	'Self-contained' means able to be completely closed off and 
            with own cooking and bathing facilities

Dwellings are classified as follows:

    Private dwellings
      private house
      share of private house
      self-contained flat
      share of self-contained flat
      tent, shed, hut, garage, caravan
      other private dwellings
    Non-private dwellings
      licensed hotel
      boarding house
      educational institution
      religious institution
      charitable institution
      staff barracks, etc.

Where the class of dwelling was 'not stated' a class was allocated prior to tabulation on the basis of other information in the Householder's Schedule or answers given for neighbouring dwellings.

Persons not enumerated in dwellings

Persons, who on Census night were camping out, travelling on board ships in Australian waters, or ships which had left an Australian port prior to Census night with a next port of call in Australia, or were enumerated on long distance trains, motor coaches or aircraft, are not regarded as living in a dwelling for census purposes. Persons classified as 'camping out' include those living temporarily (e.g. on holidays) in tents, caravans or houseboats, or who were 'camped out' on Census night. If a tent, caravan or houseboat constituted a semi-permanent dwelling it was classified as a dwelling and is included as such in this publication.

Number of Inmates

The number of inmates of a dwelling relates to the number of persons actually enumerated in that dwelling (i.e. the number of persons who spent the might of 30 June 1966 in the dwelling, or who returned to or arrived at the dwelling on 1 July 1966, without having been counted elsewhere) and does not include persons who normally reside at that dwelling but spent Census night, and were enumerated, elsewhere.

Number of Rooms

Each householder was asked to state the number of rooms in the dwelling in accordance with the following instructions:

    State below the number of rooms in this dwelling. Count all rooms (including permanently enclosed sleep-out) except bathroom, toilet pantry, laundry or storeroom.

    Note: Rooms in non-attached buildings should be included only if used for living or sleeping purposes by members of this household. A combined living-dining room or combination kitchen-living or kitchen-dining room should be counted as one room.

    A shared kitchen or shared living room in a shared house should be included only by the owner or principal tenant.

The specific instructions relating to non-attached buildings were included at the 1961 Census but those relating to combined-usage rooms were introduced at the 1966 Census.

Where the number of rooms in a dwelling was not stated a number was allocated prior to tabulation, on the basis of the answer given for the geographically nearest dwelling of the same class except in the case of tents, sheds, huts, garages, caravans and houseboats, where allocation was made by the use of a series of random numbers. The random numbers, which ranged from I to 8 rooms, were based upon the distribution of the number of rooms recorded in these types of dwellings at the 1961 Census.

The number of cases for which number of rooms was not stated was relatively small.

Material of outer walls

At the 1966 Census each householder was asked to state the material of which the outer walls of the dwelling were built, in accordance with the following instructions.

    State below whether brick, brick veneer, fibro-cement wood, stone, concrete, iron, or other material (please specify). If more than one material state the one most largely used.

In the small number of cases where the material of outer walls was not stated, a material was selected during the processing of the Householder's Schedules. Selection was based upon the answer given for the geographically nearest dwelling of the same class as the dwelling for which material of outer walls was not stated.

Nature of Occupancy

At the 1966 Census each householder was asked to state the nature of occupancy of the dwelling according to the following instructions.

    Indicate the basis on which the dwelling is occupied (mark with a cross in the appropriate box)-

    Owner (including persons buying or paying off the dwelling)
    Tenant or Subtenant
        of Government Authority
        of other Landlord
    Other (please specify)____________________________

Weekly Rent

Each householder was asked to state the weekly rent of the dwelling in accordance with the following instructions.

    If rented. state weekly rent. Include any rates payable separately by the tenant or subtenant; e.g. sanitation. garbage or water rates (other than excess water, etc.).

    		                $     c
    Unfurnished (If so rented)	.............
    Furnished (If so rented)	.............


At the 1966 census each householder was asked to state the facilities installed in the dwelling according to the following instructions.

    State 'Yes' or 'No' whether the dwelling has the following facilities;
    (a) Gas	(i) Mains
    (b) Electricity	(i) Mains
    	(ii) Home generated
    (c) Television Set
    (d) Kitchen*
    (e) Bathroom*
    * If shared with another household add 's'.

Data relating to kitchens and bathrooms were sought for office use only and have not been tabulated.

Dwellings for which electricity was not stated but which had television have been classified as having electricity and therefore included as such in this volume.

Number of motor vehicles

At the 1966 Census each householder was asked to state the number of motor vehicles at the dwelling in accordance with the following instructions.

    State below the number of motor vehicles (excluding motor cycles and scooters) used by members of this household that were garaged or parked at or near this dwelling for the night of Thursday, 30 June. If no motor vehicles, write 'NIL'

    Note: This question need not be answered in respect of hotels, motels, boarding houses, hospitals and other institutions.

Unoccupied dwellings

For dwellings not occupied on the night of the Census, collectors were required to determine as many particulars as possible and to enter on the Schedule the reasons why the dwelling was unoccupied.

Unoccupied dwellings include vacant dwellings available for sale or renting; dwellings such as weekenders or holiday homes and seasonal workers' quarters which were not occupied on Census night; dwellings normally occupied but whose occupants were temporarily absent on the night of the Census; newly completed dwellings whose owners or tenants had not entered into occupation on Census night; dwellings described as 'to be demolished', 'condemned', 'exhibition home', etc. The total number of unoccupied dwellings does not, therefore, represent the number of vacant houses and flats available for sale or renting.


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